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Facial hyper pigmentation can be treated in various ways depending on the severity of the skin problem.
The first protocol is to evaluate if the hyper pigmentation areas are dermal pigmentation or epidermal pigmentation.
Dermal Pigmentation is deeper and is very difficult to remove. In most cases, this type of hyper pigmentation will require long term treatment consisting of certain types of peels and de-pigmentation products which the patient will use at home for a certain period of time to complement the results of the peel.
There are many chemical peels which will treat pigmentation.We use Glycolic acid Peels.Patients with skin types 1-3 will see faster results since the melanocytes cells are less active and the risk of post treatment problems are rare.
Four-Six sessions is considered a program and the results are excellent.
Patients with Hyper pigmentation (all skin types) can combine a skin de-pigment creams with Glycolic Peels (medical grade glycolic acid) to treat this type of skin problems.
This is one of the most difficult skin conditions to treat and it is important to evaluate if your clinician knows how to treat the problem.
For many people who overexposed their skin to the sun when they were younger will see age spots and sun spots as an inevitable consequence that leave the skin looking damaged. Even in the short term, exposure to too much sun can leave skin freckled. Many women with black skin also experience uneven skin tones as they get older with some parts of their skin lighter than other darker patches. Menopause is another common cause of skin hyper pigmentation. Many people who suffer from acne in their younger years are left with undesirable acne scars that have a different skin colour to the rest of their face.
Prevention: Hyperpigmentation is best treated by a skin care specialist. However, there are a few things that can be done at home to help improve Hyperpigmentation. Products containing skin lightening agents can be used in combinationwith peels to reduce the effects of Hyperpigmentation. Prevention is your best defence and to prevent Hyperpigmentation, one needs to use a full spectrum sun block every day. Skin types 4-6 should also use sun block even though this skin types do not burn easily. The purpose of sun protection is not to prevent burning but to prevent harmful sun rays from damaging the skin resulting in Hyperpigmentation and premature ageing. The effect of extensive sun exposure over your lifetime will cause the skin to develop skin imperfections in your later years which can be very difficult to treat or to remove.